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بررسی اثرات ضد باکتریایی زهرخام و فراکشن‌های پروتئینی زهر عقرب Hottentotta saulcyi
یوسف علیپور ، جمیل زرگان* ، اشکان حاجی نورمحمدی
چکیده:   (400 مشاهده)
هدف: بیماری‌های عفونی ناشی از عوامل باکتریایی یکی از شایع‌ترین علل مرگ‌ومیر در سراسر جهان می‌باشند. تعداد قابل‌ توجهی از این عوامل، به یک یا چند آنتی‌بیوتیک مقاوم و برخی دارای مقاومت دارویی چندگانه بوده و تعدادی دیگر تقریباً به تمام آنتی‌بیوتیک‌های مرسوم مقاوم هستند. از زهر حاصل از گونه‌های متنوعی از عقرب‌ها، ترکیبات ضد میکروبی و ضد سرطانی مختلفی گزارش ‌شده است. در بررسی حاضر، اثرات ضد باکتریایی زهر خام و فراکشن‌های پروتئینی زهر عقربHottentotta saulcyi مطالعه گردید.
مواد و روشها: در این مطالعه ابتدا الگوی الکتروفورزی و کروماتوگرافی زهر خام عقرب مطالعه و سپس خواص ضد باکتریایی زهر خام و فراکشن‌های پروتئینی آن در غلظت‌های مورد نظر بر حسب میکروگرم در میلی‌لیتر در شرایط آزمایشگاهی
 (
in-vitro) با استفاده از سنجش حداقل غلظت مهاری با روش میکرودایلوشن (MIC) در باکتری گرم مثبت باسیلوس سوبتیلیس و باکتری گرم منفی اشریشیاکلی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت.

یافتهها: در الگوی Tricine SDS-PAGE زهر خام، 7 باند پروتئینی با وزن مولکولی 1/4 تا 104 کیلو دالتون مشاهده گردید. در مطالعات کروماتوگرافی 14 پیک اصلی جداسازی و جمع‌آوری شد که 9 فراکشن آن حاوی پروتئین بودند. نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد که زهر خام در غلظت 200 میکروگرم در میلی‌لیتر بر روی باکتری‌های گرم مثبت و گرم منفی دارای اثر مهاری معناداری بوده است. نتایج این مطالعه در مورد فراکشن‌های پروتئینی زهر خام نیز اثرات متنوعی را در باکتری‌های مورد سنجش نشان داد.
نتیجهگیری: نتایج این بررسی برای اولین بار نشان داد که زهر خام H. saulcyi و برخی از فراکشن‌های پروتئینی آن دارای خواص ضد باکتریایی می‌باشد.
 
واژه‌های کلیدی: عقرب Hottentotta saulcyi، اثرات ضد باکتریایی، فراکشن‌های پروتئینی
متن کامل [PDF 1891 kb]   (63 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: 1399/7/18 | پذیرش: 1400/8/25 | انتشار: 1401/2/30
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Alipour Y, Zargan J, Haji Nour Mohammadi A. Antibacterial effects of crude venom and their protein fractions of Hottentotta saulcyi scorpion. Koomesh. 2022; 24 (3) :376-387
URL: http://koomeshjournal.semums.ac.ir/article-1-6679-fa.html

علیپور یوسف، زرگان جمیل، حاجی نورمحمدی اشکان. بررسی اثرات ضد باکتریایی زهرخام و فراکشن‌های پروتئینی زهر عقرب Hottentotta saulcyi. كومش. 1401; 24 (3) :387-376

URL: http://koomeshjournal.semums.ac.ir/article-1-6679-fa.html



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