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:: Volume 21, Issue 3 (Summer 2019) ::
koomesh 2019, 21(3): 456-459 Back to browse issues page
Effects of sensory and oral- motor exercises on oropharyngeal dysphagia in patients with multiple sclerosis
Maryam Tarameshlu, Leila Ghelichi , Amir Reza Azimi
Abstract:   (762 Views)

Introduction: Swallowing disorders are commonly observed in more than one-third of patients with multiple sclerosis. Dysphagia in these patients, decreases quality of life and increases a risk of dehydration and aspiration pneumonia. These complications are a common cause of death and morbidity in late multiple sclerosis. The aim of this research was to examine the effects of thermal-tactile stimulation & oromotor exercises on dysphagia improvement in multiple sclerosis patients.
Materials and Methods: Fifteen patients with the age range of 20-50 years who had one types of swallowing disorders participated in this study. Therapeutic strategies included Thermal-Tactile Stimulation and Oral-motor Exercises. Treatment was performed for 16 sessions. Relatively, for assessing the effect of this protocol, Northwestern Dysphagia Patient Check Sheet was taken at two stages: before treatment initiation and after completion of treatment.
Results: After providing the treatment protocol, dysphagia (p=0.04), oral dysphagia (p=0.03), pharyngeal delay (p=0.001) and aspiration (p=0.01) and pharyngeal dysphagia (p=0.02) improved significantly.
Conclusion: Our study showed that thermal-tactile stimulation and oral-motor exercises were effective approach in improving swallow in patients with multiple sclerosis

Keywords: Management, Multiple Sclerosis, Deglutition Disorders, Thermal -Tactile Stimulation, Oral-Motor Exercises.
Full-Text [PDF 1009 kb]   (89 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/07/14 | Accepted: 2019/04/9 | Published: 2019/06/16
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Tarameshlu M, Ghelichi L, Azimi A R. Effects of sensory and oral- motor exercises on oropharyngeal dysphagia in patients with multiple sclerosis. koomesh. 2019; 21 (3) :456-459
URL: http://koomeshjournal.semums.ac.ir/article-1-4982-en.html


Volume 21, Issue 3 (Summer 2019) Back to browse issues page
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