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:: Volume 20, Issue 2 (4-2018) ::
koomesh 2018, 20(2): 210-220 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between depression and knowledge about diabetes with the amount of self-care in patients with type 2 diabetes
Elahe Haji-Arabi , Monir Nobahar * , Rahed Ghorbani
Abstract:   (1055 Views)
Introduction: Evidence suggests that self-care diabetes is one of the most important strategies for controlling the disease. Since it is required to assess the relationship between knowledge and depression with self-care in patients with diabetes mellitus, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between depression and knowledge about diabetes with the amount of self-care in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 145 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were studied in Semnan Kowars Hospital. Data collection was performed with questionnaires demographic information, Beck depression, Audit of Diabetes Knowledge (ADKnowl) and Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA).
Results: 20.7% of patients had mild depression, 42.1% had moderate depression and 13.8% had severe depression. Overall, 76.6% of patients had a degree of depression (score of 10 or higher). The severity of depression had a significant relationship with marital status (P=0.004), education level (P=0.003), place of living (P=0.021), residential status (P=0.045) and age (P=0.002). The mean ± SD of knowledge was 14.5±2.8. Knowledge have a significant relationship with the variables sex (P=0.027), marital status (P=0.027), education level (P=0.009), occupational status (P=0.043). Mean ± SD of self-care was 23.1±5.9. Self-care had no significant relationship with any of the demographic characteristics. There were not a significant correlation between depression and knowledge (r=0.077, P=0.3555), depression and self-care (r=0.050, P=0.551) and self-care and knowledge (r=0.065, P=0.434).
Conclusion: The findings of this study showed a high prevalence of depression, moderate knowledge and low self-care in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Since knowledge and depression were not significantly correlated with self-care, the factors related to self-care in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus should be studied more widely, so that the identification of its related factors can be used to control the disease and its complications.
Keywords: Depression, Knowledge, Self-care, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Full-Text [PDF 809 kb]   (183 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/07/30 | Accepted: 2017/12/11 | Published: 2018/03/14
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Haji-Arabi E, Nobahar M, Ghorbani R. Relationship between depression and knowledge about diabetes with the amount of self-care in patients with type 2 diabetes. koomesh. 2018; 20 (2) :210-220
URL: http://koomeshjournal.semums.ac.ir/article-1-4164-en.html


Volume 20, Issue 2 (4-2018) Back to browse issues page
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