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:: Volume 20, Issue 1 ( Winter 2017, 20 (1) 2018) ::
koomesh 2018, 20(1): 34-42 Back to browse issues page
Number of mortality, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute myocardial infarction due to exposure to sulfur dioxide in Tehran, during 2005-2014
Roshanak Rezaei Kalantari , Majid Kermani , Mohsen Dowlati * , Ahmad Jonidi Jafari
Abstract:   (932 Views)
Introduction: Air pollution has adverse effects on human health and causes various health endpoints including mortality, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Therefore, the aim of this sstudy was to investigate number of total mortality, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality, acute myocardial infarction and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease due to exposure to sulfur dioxide in Tehran during 2005-2014 was performed.
Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive-cross sectional study. At the beginning, hourly data during 2005-2014 were taken from Tehran environmental protection agency and Air Quality Control Company. Then, according to the WHO validated guidelines and statistical parameters, quantifying health effects were calculated in Excel. Finally, assessment of health effects with the software was performed.
Results: Annual average concentrations for SO2 was 44, 86, 89, 112, 82, 81, 59, 51, 40 and 39 µg/m3 during 2005-2014, respectively. The number of total mortality caused by exposure to SO2 in the past decade was 8836, total number of cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in the past decade was 7335 and 1915, and total number of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute myocardial infarction in the past decade was 1806 and 3478 people in 2005-2014 years.
Conclusion: Air pollution, especially sulfur dioxide leads to mortality and morbidity in a lot of people. According to the results of this study actions, policies, planning and management to reduce air pollution preparedness of hospitals and health centers, educating the public should be accomplished
Keywords: Air Pollution, Mortality, Myocardial Infarction, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Sulfur Dioxide, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 797 kb]   (174 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/01/1 | Accepted: 2017/08/7 | Published: 2018/01/1
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Rezaei Kalantari R, Kermani M, Dowlati M, Jonidi Jafari A. Number of mortality, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute myocardial infarction due to exposure to sulfur dioxide in Tehran, during 2005-2014. koomesh. 2018; 20 (1) :34-42
URL: http://koomeshjournal.semums.ac.ir/article-1-3779-en.html


Volume 20, Issue 1 ( Winter 2017, 20 (1) 2018) Back to browse issues page
کومش Koomesh
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