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:: Volume 20, Issue 3 ( Summer 2018) ::
koomesh 2018, 20(3): 530-537 Back to browse issues page
Effects 12 weeks group progressive resistance exercise with musical background on gross motor function and participation in activity sports in children with cerebral palsy of spastic
Hamid Reza Sajjadi * , Farhad Ghadiri , Abbas Bahram
Abstract:   (182 Views)
Introduction: Muscle weakness is a common disorder in children with cerebral palsy of spastic which can be causes problems in performing skills such as standing, walking and running. Relatively, the objective of the present study was to investigate the effects 12 weeks groups progressive resistance exercise with musical background on gross motor function and participation in physical activity of children with cerebral palsy of spastic diplegia.
Materials and Methods: Twenty - seven ambulation children with spastic CP occupational therapy clinics and special schools from Alborz province (Iran), included nine girls and eighteen boys with a mean age of girls (10.5 years) and boys (11 years) were devideded into an intervention and control group randomly. Intervention group performed group progressive resistance exercise with musical background for 12 weeks (3 sessions per week and each session lasted for 55 min) that focused on lower limb muscles. Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) test  was used to measure the  gross motor function  including the dimension D (standing) & E (walking, running and jumping), and  the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment questionnaire (CAPE) was used to measure participation in activity sports.
Results: Notably, the intervention group had a significant increase in the gross motor function and also in the intervention group was statistically significant (p <0.05) than the control group. But between the intervention and control groups showed no significant difference in the average sports participation (p> 0.05).
Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that focusing on the motivational functions of resistance exercise environment can be high potential in the effectiveness of this types exercise on the gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy of spastic, although not have a significant effect on sports participation.
Keywords: Cerebral Palsy, Resistance Training, Exercise Therapy, Music Therapy, Motor Skills, Motor Activity
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/09/23 | Accepted: 2017/11/15 | Published: 2018/06/22
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Sajjadi H R, Ghadiri F, Bahram A. Effects 12 weeks group progressive resistance exercise with musical background on gross motor function and participation in activity sports in children with cerebral palsy of spastic. koomesh. 2018; 20 (3) :530-537
URL: http://koomeshjournal.semums.ac.ir/article-1-3610-en.html


Volume 20, Issue 3 ( Summer 2018) Back to browse issues page
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