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:: جلد 22، شماره 1 - ( زمستان 1398: 1-201 1398 ) ::
جلد 22 شماره 1 صفحات 78-84 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
ارتباط ناهنجاری‌های قامتی با کیفیت زندگی و خودکارآمدی نابینایان و کم‌بینایان
جلیل مرادی، مریم عبادی، شهناز شهرجردی، مسعود گلپایگانی
چکیده:   (454 مشاهده)
هدف: هدف از انجام این پژوهش بررسی ارتباط ناهنجاری‌های قامتی با کیفیت زندگی و خودکارآمدی نابینایان و کم‌بینایان بود.
مواد و روشها: تعداد 100 نفر از افراد نابینا و کم‌بینا (با میانگین سن 34 سال شامل 48 مرد و 52 زن) که زیر نظر انجمن نابینایان و کم‌بینایان شهر اراک بودند، به صورت نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. برای سنجش ناهنجاری‌های قامتی از آزمون نیویورک، برای ارزیابی کیفیت زندگی از پرسش‌نامه کیفیت زندگی sf-36  و ارزیابی خودکارآمدی از پرسش‌نامه خودکارآمدی شرر (Sherer general self efficacy)  استفاده شد. پرسش نامه ها با مصاحبه تکمیل شد. نتایج با استفاده از ضریب هم‌بستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون خطی تحلیل شد.
یافتهها: نتایج نشان داد که کیفیت زندگی در افراد مطلوب بود اما خودکارآمدی در حد متوسط بود. بین ناهنجاری‌های قامتی با کیفیت زندگی و خودکارآمدی در نابینایان و کم‌بینایان ارتباط معکوس و معناداری وجود دارد (05/0P<). هم‌چنین ناهنجارهای قامتی به صورت معکوس پیش‌بینی‌کننده معناداری برای متغیرهای کیفیت زندگی و خودکارآمدی بود (02/0=P).
نتیجهگیری: به طور کلی نتایج نشان داد که ارزیابی ناهنجاری‌های قامتی در افراد کم‌بینا و نابینا از اهمیت ویژه‌ای برخوردار است و افراد دارای ناهنجاری‌ها قامتی بیش‌تر، دارای خودکارآمدی و کیفیت زندگی پایین‌تری هستند. شناسایی این ناهنجاری‌ها و اصلاح آنها  نقش موثری در افزایش کیفیت زندگی و خوکارآمدی این افراد دارد.
 

واژه‌های کلیدی: کیفیت زندگی، خودکارآمدی، ناهنجاری قامتی، کم بینایی و نابینایی
متن کامل [PDF 762 kb]   (348 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: ۱۳۹۷/۱۱/۱۸ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۸/۲/۲۸ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۸/۱۰/۱۴
فهرست منابع
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15. [15] Pooryamanesh L, Shahrjerdi S, Karimizadehardakani M, Ansari M. The relationship be-tween postural abnormalities and quality of life and mental health of girl students of ar-ak Farhangian University. Shahrekord Univ Med Sci 2017; 19: 41-50 (Persian).
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33. [33] Aghakouchaki Z, Zolaktaf V. The Effect of Facilitation of Running Training Conditions on Running Self-Efficacy in Blind Children. J Res Rehabil Sci 2015; 11: 331-338 (Persian).
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45. [2] Daneshmandi H, Alizadeh MH, Gharakhanloo R. Corrective exercises (Diagnosis and prescription of exercises). 2004. Tehran: Tehran Samt Pub (Persian).
46. [3] Kashef M. Corrective exercises and exercise therapy. 2001. Urmia University Press: First Edition (Persian).
47. [4] Hemmati Maslak pak M, Ahmadi F, Anoosheh M. Spiritual beliefs and quality of life: A qualitative research about diabetic adolescent girls' perception. Koomesh 2011; 12: 144-151 (Persian).
48. [5] Ahmadizadeh Z, Kamran F, Kasbi F, Nourouzi R, Mokhlesin M. Quality of life and its related factors in Iranian mothers' with a mentally retarded child. Koomesh 2018; 20: 719-724 (Persian).
49. [6] Berger BG, Weinberg RS, Eklund RC. Foundations of exercise psychology. Fitness In-formation Technology, Inc.; 2015.
50. [7] Kamelska AM, Mazurek K. The assessment of the quality of life in visually impaired people with different level of physical activity. Physical Culture and Sport. Stud Res 2015; 67: 31-41. [DOI:10.1515/pcssr-2015-0001]
51. [8] Sarabandi A, Kamali M, Mobaraki H. The relationship between impaired visual function and quality of life of the blind. J Res Rehab Sci 2013; 8: 1015-1023. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/jrrs.v8i6.679 (Persian).
52. [9] Brown RL, Barrett AE. Visual impairment and quality of life among older adults: an ex-amination of explanations for the relationship. J Gerontol Series B Psy-cholog Sci Soc Sci 2011; 66: 364-373. [DOI:10.1093/geronb/gbr015] [PMID]
53. [10] Adigun K, Oluleye TS, Ladipo MM, Olowookere SA. Quality of life in patients with visual impairment in Ibadan: a clinical study in primary care. J Multidiscip Healthc 2014; 7: 173-178. [DOI:10.2147/JMDH.S51359] [PMID] [PMCID]
54. [11] Wang CW, Chan CL, Chi I. Overview of quality of life research in older people with visual impairment. Adv Aging Res 2014; 3: 79. [DOI:10.4236/aar.2014.32014]
55. [12] Vuletić G, Šarlija T, Benjak T. Quality of life in blind and partially sighted people. Časopis za primijenjene zdravstvene znanosti 2016; 2: 101-112. [DOI:10.24141/1/2/2/3]
56. [13] Tadić V, Cooper A, Cumberland P, Lewando-Hundt G, Rahi JS. Measuring the quality of life of visually impaired children: first stage psychometric evaluation of the novel VQoL_CYP instrument. PLoS One 2016; 11: e0146225. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0146225] [PMID] [PMCID]
57. [14] Lamoureux EL, Fenwick E, Pesudovs K, Tan D. The impact of cataract surgery on quality of life. Curr Opin Ophthalmol 2011; 22: 19-27. [DOI:10.1097/ICU.0b013e3283414284] [PMID]
58. [15] Pooryamanesh L, Shahrjerdi S, Karimizadehardakani M, Ansari M. The relationship be-tween postural abnormalities and quality of life and mental health of girl students of ar-ak Farhangian University. Shahrekord Univ Med Sci 2017; 19: 41-50 (Persian).
59. [16] Miltiadou M, Savenye WC. Applying social cognitive constructs of motivation to en-hance student success in online distance education. AACE J 2003; 11: 78-95.
60. [17] Dodds A, Ferguson E, Ng L, Flannigan H. The concept of adjustment: A structural mod-el. J Visual Impair Blindness 1994.
61. [18] Horowitz A, Reinhardt JP, Kennedy GJ. Major and subthreshold depression among old-er adults seeking vision rehabilitation services. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2005; 13: 180-187. [DOI:10.1097/00019442-200503000-00002] [PMID]
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80. [37] Arshadi R, Rajabi R, Alizadeh MH. Investigating the relationship between vertebral col-umn flexibility with kyphosis and lordosis. Res Sport Sci 2007; 15: 123-132 (Persian).
81. [38] Bahrami M, Farhadi A. Prevalence and causes of upper and lower extremities abnormal-ities in adolescents 11 to 15 years old in Lorestan. J Lorestan Univ Med Sci 2006; 8: 37-41 (Persian).
82. [39] Shamsedini A, Hellisaz MT, Dalvand H, Khatibi AD, Sobhani V. The investigation of prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and discomfort caused by them in students of Tehran. Ann Military Health Sci Res 2011; 8: 271-276 (Persian).
83. [40] Mashhadi M, Ghasemi GH, Zolaktaf V. Effect of combined training exercises on the thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis of mentally retarded adolescents. J Res Rehab Sci 2012; 8: 192-201 (Persian).
84. [41] Karimzadeh Shirazi M, Razavieh A, Kaveh M. The relationship between quality of life (QOL) and self-efficacy (SE) of the teachers from Shahrekord. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci 2008; 10. (Persian).
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86. [43] Zeldin AL, Pajares F. Against the odds: Self-efficacy beliefs of women in mathematical, scientific, and technological careers. Am Educ Res J 2000; 37: 215-246. [DOI:10.3102/00028312037001215]
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Moradi J, Ebadi M, Shahrjerdi S, Golpayegani M. Relationship between postural abnormalities with quality of life and self efficacy of blinds and partially sighted people. koomesh. 2020; 22 (1) :78-84
URL: http://koomeshjournal.semums.ac.ir/article-1-5491-fa.html

مرادی جلیل، عبادی مریم، شهرجردی شهناز، گلپایگانی مسعود. ارتباط ناهنجاری‌های قامتی با کیفیت زندگی و خودکارآمدی نابینایان و کم‌بینایان. كومش. 1398; 22 (1) :78-84

URL: http://koomeshjournal.semums.ac.ir/article-1-5491-fa.html



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