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:: Volume 20, Issue 4 (Autumn 2018) ::
koomesh 2018, 20(4): 692-698 Back to browse issues page
Effect of educational intervention based on social cognitive theory on promoting preventive behaviors of cutaneous leishmaniasis
Ehsan Vesali Monfared , Roya Sadeghi * , Mohammad Mehdi Sedaghat , Abedin Saghafipour , Azar Tol , Mahdi Yaseri
Abstract:   (171 Views)
Introduction: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an endemic disease in Ghanavat of Qom province. This study aimed to determine effect of educational intervention based on social cognitive theory on promoting preventive behaviors of CL disease.
Materials and Methods: This study was a semi-experimental intervention (quasi-experimental) that was performed on 292 patients referred to ghanavat health centers in Qom province during the years 2016-2017. Then, participants divided randomly in two groups with complete block randomization method. Six months after the training, post tests were completed by both interventional and control groups. The linear regression used to investigation the effect of several variables.
Results: After the intervention, in treated group, the mean score of the structures of knowledge and situations perception, outcome expectations (p < 0.001), self-sufficiency (p < 0.003), self-control (p < 0.005) and performance (p < 0.05) of Social Cognitive Theory in term of promotion of preventive behaviors of CL, a significant relationship was observed. But, a significant relationship was not found between the structure outcome value and promotion of preventive behaviors of the disease (p < 0.103).
Conclusion: People were not well aware of ways to prevent disease. Therefore, in order to promote this structure, it is suggested that social cognitive theory can be used to reduce the barriers in the education program and promote the level of community awareness.
Keywords: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, Social Cognitive Theory, Preventive Behaviors, Health Behavior
Full-Text [PDF 2712 kb]   (41 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/11/4 | Accepted: 2018/06/2 | Published: 2018/09/23
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Vesali Monfared E, Sadeghi R, Sedaghat M M, Saghafipour A, Tol A, Yaseri M. Effect of educational intervention based on social cognitive theory on promoting preventive behaviors of cutaneous leishmaniasis. koomesh. 2018; 20 (4) :692-698
URL: http://koomeshjournal.semums.ac.ir/article-1-4401-en.html


Volume 20, Issue 4 (Autumn 2018) Back to browse issues page
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